MLK Day

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If Google and social media didn’t clue you in, today is Martin Luther King Jr. Day -a day that is often riddled with postings on social media of quotes made famous by the great orator himself. Many of these posts focus more on abstract themes like love, sacrificing for others, standing up for “things that matter,” faith, and change among others. While I find these quotes to be important, relevant, and inspiring, I am also really inspired and empowered by the quotes where he explicitly calls out and stands against the status quo. With that being said, here are a few MLK Jr. quotes that I find very inspiring:

On Poverty:

“There are forty million poor people here, and one day we must ask the question, ‘Why are there forty million poor people in America?’ And when you begin to ask that question, you are raising a question about the economic system, about a broader distribution of wealth. When you ask that question, you begin to question the capitalistic economy. And I’m simply saying that more and more, we’ve got to begin to ask questions about the whole society…And you see, my friends, when you deal with this you begin to ask the question, ‘Who owns the oil?’ You begin to ask the question, ‘Who owns the iron ore?’ You begin to ask the question, ‘Why is it that people have to pay water bills in a world that’s two-thirds water?’ These are words that must be said.”

Economic Systems:

“…communism forgets that life is individual. Capitalism forgets that life is social. And the kingdom of brotherhood is found neither in the thesis of communism nor the antithesis of capitalism, but in a higher synthesis. It is found in a higher synthesis that combines the truths of both. Now, when I say questioning the whole society, it means ultimately coming to see that the problem of racism, the problem of economic exploitation, and the problem of war are all tied together. These are the triple evils that are interrelated.”

Society:

“We must rapidly begin the shift from a “thing-oriented” society to a “person-oriented” society. When machines and computers, profit motives and property rights are considered more important than people, the giant triplets of racism, materialism, and militarism are incapable of being conquered.”

“A true revolution of values will soon cause us to question the fairness and justice of many of our past and present policies. … A true revolution of values will soon look uneasily on the glaring contrast of poverty and wealth. With righteous indignation, it will look across the seas and see individual capitalists of the West investing huge sums of money in Asia, Africa, and South America, only to take the profits out with no concern for the social betterment of the countries, and say, “This is not just.” It will look at our alliance with the landed gentry of South America and say, “This is not just.” The Western arrogance of feeling that it has everything to teach others and nothing to learn from them is not just.”

I urge you to reflect on these words of King and how he used his life as an agent of change for the greater good.

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Why Raising the Minimum Wage Is Good for the Economy*

mcdonalds-budget

With the proposed minimum wage bill gaining some press as well as the laughable sample budget that McDonald’s has produced and has now come under fire for, minimum wage debates have begun to take place in the country once again. While some believe that minimum wage should be increased because it has not kept up with inflation, others believe that an increase would only hurt workers by making lay-offs and job shortages a harsh reality. While there is no real way of knowing how an increase in minimum wage will affect the economy until it is in place, with some careful analysis of the current economic climate and spending habits of the minimum wage earners, a clearer picture of a solution to this issue can be painted.

Being an economist/social scientist means predicting human behavior. This often proves difficult because humans are not very predictable. So while economists say that based on the law of demand and past behavior an increase in wages will not lead to an increase in spending, it is merely an educated guess. Therefore, those who argue against raising minimum wage have claimed that in the past raising the minimum wage has not boosted the economy, and are correct; however, their current predictions are rooted in past attitudes and behavior which does not necessarily reflect the present climate. I believe that a better way of predicting human behavior is to not look at the past, but rather the current attitudes

With that being said, here is my prediction based on what I have found to be true (or at least mostly true) about today’s workforce. I predict that an increase in minimum wage, given the current economic climate, will lead to an increase in spending. I believe there are two assumptions that are being made by economists about the workforce today that do not seem pertinent to the times. One of these assumptions is that raising the minimum wage will only hurt millennials because it will make unemployment rise. This may be the case to a small degree, but I believe that while a rise in minimum wage would lead to a temporary dip in employment at first, when these workers begin to earn more, they would begin to spend more and thus create more jobs. It will also free up jobs as these workers will no longer need to work multiple jobs in order to get by.

The second unsubstantiated claim about the current minimum wage workforce is that an increase in pay will not mean an increase in spending. While this has been true in the past, I believe that today the cultural climate is right for spending tendencies to be affected by an increase in wage. So what makes the cultural climate different? The main difference is generational. In the past, other young employees (i.e. when the Baby Boomers were young) were more likely to save extra money while the youth today are more focused on spending and material gain. Seemingly every week there is a new report out dedicated to millennials and their materialistic tendencies (usually cast in a bad light.) Many of these reports neglect to mention, however, that although these materialistic tendencies may not be completely commendable, they certainly can help the economy.

So what would more money in the hands of the younger generation look like? In 2012 there were 284,000 college graduates working minimum wage jobs. If their wages were to increase by $3/hour, given the materialistic tendencies of these workers, that would mean an increase of purchasing power of $120 per week (although this does not factor in taxes). Then if that number is multiplied by the number of millennial-grads in these jobs that would generate approximately $35 million more revenue every week. Even if these workers only spent $1/hour more of their wage increase, they would still spend $11 million a week. Furthermore, these figures don’t even take into account those millennials who are working minimum wage jobs and don’t have a college degree, although it does assume those who have college degrees are working 40 hour work weeks.

The industrial revolution happened at a time when the exploitation of workers became too extreme. Young children worked in factories, people lost limbs on the job, and many developed health issues such as respiratory problems as a result of a lack of concern for the workers. While the physical safety of the workers is protected today, a lack of concern for the financial safety of those workers is a harsh reality. We need a new industrial revolution -a service industry revolution. Today we need to reevaluate the economic structure of this country in order to help it grow and protect the workers at the bottom. Economic inequality as staggering as that which exists in the US today will only make the country weaker and less stable. An increase in minimum wage will lead not only to a more stable social and economic climate, but could also lead to economic growth and potentially an end to one of the greatest recessions our country has witnessed.

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*I wouldn’t be a good journalist if I didn’t admit to having a bias with regard to this subject. I am a millennial who has a minimum wage job. While this makes me partial to an increase in wages for my own benefit, I believe it also makes me more qualified to speak on the subject than a successful “boomer” because I am living this reality.

For more on this debate and to see the articles I researched in this process check out the following links:

http://washingtonexaminer.com/op-ed-raising-minimum-wage-will-kill-jobs-for-young-millennials/article/2529084

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/01/millennials-cost-basic-needs_n_1468938.html

http://ourfuture.org/20130405/the-sinking-american-electorate-young-and-in-peril

http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/Articles/2012/05/15/Millennials-Young-Broke-and-Spending-on-Luxury#page1

http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/Articles/2012/05/10/How-Millennials-Are-Saving-the-Economy#page1

http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2012/02/09/young-underemployed-and-optimistic/

http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesdorn/2013/07/22/the-minimum-wage-is-cruelest-to-those-who-cant-find-a-job/

http://www.raisetheminimumwage.com/facts/entry/amount-with-inflation/

http://www.marketwatch.com/story/mcdonalds-ceo-try-living-on-mcbudget-of-25000-2013-07-25

http://blog.acton.org/archives/58278-appreciating-mcdonalds-beyond-minimum-mindedness.html

http://money.usnews.com/money/blogs/my-money/2013/02/05/low-skill-jobs-with-the-highest-concentration-of-college-graduates

First World Problems

My new favorite Martin Luther King Jr. quote is this: “True compassion is more than flinging a coin to a beggar; it comes to see that an edifice which produces beggars needs restructuring. ” To me, this quote not only challenges the traditional idea of what helping the poor and being compassionate is, but also provides a valid critic of the way our government, non-governmental organizations, and economic systems are structured. While one can read it as a single person giving money to “a beggar” it also could apply to the idea of charity as a whole. Many corporations give millions of dollars to a non-profit that may do some good, but doesn’t actually change anything or end the cycle of poverty. The same can be said for a government; like the US for example, which will give nearly $50 billion of aid to other countries, and yet these countries can never seem to get out of poverty. Perhaps the notion of charity needs to be reevaluated.

This is what I like about micro-finance. Although it is not perfect, it seems to challenge the traditional structure of aid. It is more empowering than handouts. With micro-finance, people are given money, yes, but they are also given respect and accountability.

So with that being said, two days ago I made another loan! This time it happened to be to someone in the US. Unfortunately, I must admit that I, although I’m sure I’m not the only one, tend to be a bit biased against people asking for loans in the developed world (especially the US). I unconsciously assume that they do not need the loan as much as those in less developed countries. This is a common misconception, to be sure, and it can stand in the way of the reforming a pretty flawed system like that of the US. When I think of it at a more human level though, such as in terms of my own struggle with this project, I can more easily understand the plight of someone in the developed world.

So I encourage you, whoever is reading this, to take a minute to check out this other entrepreneur’s blog, shop, and kiva profile (she still needs lenders!) Although there may be people who are in more dire financial conditions, we can’t forget our neighbors who may still need our help as well.

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Catarina’s Loan: http://www.kiva.org/lend/597599

Catarina’s Shop: http://docerelashop.com/

Catarina’s Blog: http://blog.docerelashop.com/

P.S. She makes stamps too! Talk about a perfect loan for me to help with!